Electronic Cigarettes – Are They Bad for You? Any Side Effects?
What are Electronic Cigarettes?
Electronic cigarettes or e-cigs are battery-operated devices containing liquids like nicotine in various flavorings and chemicals (propylene glycol, glycerin). They design these devices in various shapes and size like the traditional pipes, cigars and tobacco cigarettes. There are also new e-cigs that appear like pens, USB memory sticks or in large tank systems (mods bear).
How do E-cigs Work?
The e-cigarettes mostly consist of three various components such as:
The vital part of e-cigs is the battery. It is present in manual or automatic battery operated models.
This holds the liquid component that may contain nicotine, flavorings and other chemical ingredients.
This is the heating device.
In most e-cigs, puffing set-ups, the battery operated heating device which causes the liquid to vaporize in the cartridge. Eventually, this results in aerosol or vapor inhaled by the user.
Are E-cigarettes Safer Than Traditional Cigarettes?
This question still has no definite answer due to lack of available information. Smoking cigarettes are still the major cause of illness and fatality in the US with over 400,000 deaths yearly. Experts link smoking to diseases such as cancer and heart diseases.
They design Electronic cigarettes to imitate the act of smoking cigarettes. However, it’s more appealing by using various flavors that produce less harmful chemicals. It’s unlike tobacco leaves because these devices deliver nicotine without burning. Therefore, they’re supposedly safer to use because of lower number of toxins as compared to traditional cigarettes. But, the nicotine present can still be harmful because it can be highly addictive. Additionally, when one consumes nicotine, it could lead to addiction to other substances.
They also test some e-cigs for their vapors may contain carcinogens and toxic chemicals like formaldehyde and acetaldehyde. Furthermore, they may have toxic metal nanoparticles from the vaporizing mechanism. Another concern is refillable e-cigs, where users become exposed to higher toxic levels of nicotine when refilling. These cartridges might contain other dangerous substances like drugs and cause addiction.
Is it Possible That E-cigarettes can Help an Individual Quit Smoking?
There are cases where some electronic cigarettes may reduce the cravings of smoking traditional cigarettes. However, there is no clear evidence whether it can be an effective cessation aid. There are still possibilities that using e-cigs could lead to nicotine addiction. As a result, it can prevent the user from quitting completely.
How e-cigarettes affect the younger generation?
The popularity of e-cigarettes is now also spreading to teens. That’s why it’s illegal in some states to sell these devices to minors. On the other hand, some teens still manage to order it online. Because online shops have easy access, the FDA has strict regulations to protect the children. They don’t allow minors to buy e-cigs personally or via online shops.
What are the Side Effects of Vaping?
Below are the common side effects due to vaping:
- Dry mouth
This could be due to the VG content. It makes the user’s mouth feel dry.
- Dry skin
One of the common side effects of vaping is dehydration. When a person is dehydrated, it can dry out one’s skin. This can be prevented by drinking water. For those with oily skin, this side effect might be favorable.
When the skin is dry, it itches. The skin may appear flaky and red.
Another side effect of electronic cigarettes is dizziness, especially if they’re using the Sub Ohm method.
Allergic reaction could occur to the different flavorings and other chemicals. Propylene Glycol or Vegetable Glycerin may be the cause.
- Canker sores
Vaping itself isn’t the cause of this side effect but the user’s personal hygiene is. You should keep the vaping mouthpiece clean to prevent canker sores.
Dangerous Side Effects of Using E-cigarettes
Continued use of electronic cigarettes over a long period could lead to damaging effects on the cardiovascular system. Below are the long-term side effects of using e-cigarettes:
- Heart disease
- Inflammation of lungs (asthma)
- Congenital Disabilities on pregnant women
- Accidental nicotine poisoning